OT Survey Abbreviations and Terms

ANE – Ancient Near East: This includes Turkey, Syria, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Lebanon, and Jordan.

ANETThe Ancient Near East: An Anthology of Texts and Pictures, 3rd Ed. (ANET). James B. Pritchard, ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1969.

Bible references – See Chapter 1: For Further Study

book of the covenant –  Exod 20:22–23:33; the first treaty made between God and Moses

ca.– circa (approximate date)

Cf. – Compare to

DSS – Dead Sea Scrolls; written from 2nd century BC–1st century AD; discovered in 1947; includes every OT Bible book except Esther

LXX – Greek Translation of the Old Testament, also called the Septuagint (Roman numeral for the number seventy)

NT – New Testament

OT – Old Testament

Pentateuch – This word means “five books.” It refers to the books written by Moses: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Also called the “Torah.”

Torah – another word for the law of Moses. Also called the “Pentateuch.”

v.– verse

vv.– verses


Return to Old Testament Survey main page