Introduction to Chapter 11

chapter 11 introduction (3)

After a considerable time had elapsed since the flood,[1] Noah planted a vineyard (Gen 9:20).

Rain came in the right amounts for growing crops which were luxuries,[2] such as grapes.[3] No longer did it obliterate life (Gen 7:17–24; Gen 8:11).[4]

While the wine which Noah produced brought comfort from his toil, it became a mixed blessing.[5]

He drank enough to become drunk, strip himself naked, and lie uncovered in his tent (Gen 9:21).[6]

Ham—the father of Canaan—took a good look at his father before informing his two brothers (Gen 9:22). By telling others of Noah’s disgraceful state, Ham humiliated his father.[7]

In contrast, Shem and Japheth expended great effort expended to avoid seeing their father’s nudity. Imagine them plotting how to manage to clothe Noah without catching a glimpse of him. Perhaps they walked backwards until Noah’s toes came into view and then dropped the cloak over their father (Gen 9:23).[8]

After coming out of his stupor, Noah learned what his youngest son had done to him (Gen 9:24). For the first time in the entire flood account, he spoke.[9]

He said, “Canaan be cursed. A slave of slaves he will be to his brothers” (Gen 9:25).

Noah may have singled out Canaan because he was Ham’s youngest son or,[10] perhaps, because Canaan adopted the behavior of his father, meriting Noah’s wrath.[11]

In contrast, Noah blessed the God of Shem,[12] implying that a godly lineage would issue from that son (Gen 9:26).[13]

Noah also requested that Japheth’s offspring would populate extensive territory,[14] and that Shem and Japheth would form an alliance.[15]

The patriarch’s last recorded words emphatically reiterated his desire that Shem and Japheth subjugate Canaan (Gen 9:27).[16]

Image via Wikimedia Commons

 

Go to The Death of Noah

[Related posts include The Waters Prevail (Gen 7:17–20); The Breath of Life Extinguished (Gen 7:21–24); Renewal of the Earth (Gen 8:6–14); The Sons of Noah (Gen 9:18–19); Noah Planted a Vineyard (Gen 9:20–21); Ham Dishonors His Father (Gen 9:22–23); A Slave of Slaves (Gen 9:24–25); Blessed Be the God of Shem (Gen 9:26–27); and Life-Long Honor (Eph 6:2–3)]

[Click here to go to Chapter 10: Noah Curses Canaan (Gen 9:18–27)]

 

[1]Waltke and Fredricks, Genesis: A Commentary, 147.

[2]Hamilton, The Book of Genesis, Chapters 1–17, 321.

[3]Wenham, Genesis 1–15, 198.

[4]Hamilton, The Book of Genesis, Chapters 1–17, 321.

[5]Wenham, Genesis 1–15, 198.

[6]Waltke and Fredricks, Genesis: A Commentary, 149.

[7]Waltke and Fredricks, Genesis: A Commentary, 149.

[8]Wenham, Genesis 1–15, 200.

[9]Waltke and Fredricks, Genesis: A Commentary, 149.

[10]Hamilton, The Book of Genesis, Chapters 1–17, 324.

[11]Matthews, Chavalas, and Walton, IVPBBCOT, Gen 9:27.

[12]Hamilton, The Book of Genesis, Chapters 1–17, 325.

[13]Waltke and Fredricks, Genesis: A Commentary, 151.

[14] Brown, Driver, and Briggs, “ףתה” (pathah), BDB, 834, https://archive.org/stream/hebrewenglishlex00browuoft#page/834/mode/2up.

[15]Hamilton, The Book of Genesis, Chapters 1–17, 326.

[16]Waltke and Fredricks, Genesis: A Commentary, 151.