b) Zech 3:6–10: After promising Joshua free access to God’s presence if he would walk in the Lord’s ways and faithfully serve him, the Angel of the Lord made an astounding statement.

He said, “Hear me, Joshua the high priest,[1] you and the men sitting before you are a sign that…I am going to bring forth my servant, the Branch.”

This title refers to the rightful heir of David’s dynasty who would merge the priestly and royal offices (Zech 6:11–13).[2]

The last few verses of this chapter remain enigmatic, as the “seven eyes” (ayin) can also be translated as “seven springs.”[3]

If the latter, when God cleanses the land from sin it will be watered by seven gushing springs, signifying an era of peace and prosperity.[4]

Bolstering the case for “seven eyes,” Zech 4:10 says, “They shall rejoice and shall see the plumb stone in the hand of Zerubbabel, these seven eyes of Yahweh, they go roving about in all the earth” (Rev 5:6).[5]

The reference to “one stone with seven eyes” alludes to the Assyrian and Babylonian tradition of overlaying a foundation stone with gold or silver and encrusting it with gems.[6]

The Branch shall make the Day of Atonement obsolete when “he shall remove the sin of this land in one day” (Lev 16:29–34).[7]

This cleansing will usher in an age of plenty, with everyone sitting under their own vines and fig trees in the kingdom of God (Mic 4:1–4).[8]

Image via Wikimedia Commons


Read Zech 3:6–10. How was Joshua a sign that the Lord shall fulfill the promise of Gen 3:15? What comfort does this passage give you?




Go to Satan Tempts Christ


[Related posts include Satan Addresses the Heavenly Council (Zech 3:1–5); Serpents in the Ancient Near East (Gen 3:1); God Curses the Serpent (Gen 3:14); The First Good News (Gen 3:15); The Accuser (Job 1:6–11 and Job 2:1–7); and A Return to Paradise (Rev 22:1–5, 20)]


[Click here to go to Chapter 7: The Seed of the Serpent and the Seed of the Woman (Genesis 3:14–15)]


[1] Note that per BDB  p. 221, “יְהוֹשׁוּעַ” – yehoshuahttps://archive.org/stream/hebrewenglishlex00browuoft#page/220/mode/2up. Joshua is the Hebrew name of Jesus, which means “The Lord is Salvation.”

[2] Boda, Haggai, Zechariah, 257.

[3] Brown, Driver, Briggs, “עַ֫יִן” (ayin), BDB, 744–5, https://archive.org/stream/hebrewenglishlex00browuoft#page/744/mode/2up.

[4] Smith, Micah–Malachi, 202.

[5] Beale, The Temple and the Church’s Mission: A Biblical Theology of the Dwelling Place of God, 322.

[6] Matthews, Chavalas, and Walton, IVPBBCOT, Zech 3:9.

[7] Boda, Haggai, Zechariah, 258.

[8] Smith, Micah–Malachi, 202.