A Day of Reckoning

day of reckoning (2)

b) Gen 3:9–13: Genesis 3:9–19 forms a chiasm, a type of parallelism which takes the form A–B–C–B–A. Usually, the most important point comes at the center, as in this case (Gen 3:14–15).

The passage opens with the Lord calling Adam to account, just as a pharaoh demanded an explanation from Abraham in Gen 12:18.[1]

Afraid to answer the question but not daring to lie, Adam explained that he was hiding because he was naked, even though he had covered himself.[2]

Ironically, “I heard (shama) your voice in the garden” can be translated as “I obeyed your voice in the garden.”[3] That is precisely what Adam failed to do.[4]

The Lord gave Adam an opportunity to confess his transgression by asking, “Have you eaten from the tree of which I commanded you not to eat?”[5]

Instead of acknowledging his sin, Adam exhibited the divisive effects of rebellion.  God’s silence indicates that he rejected this explanation.[6]

While Eve also failed to express contrition, she blamed neither God nor her husband.[7]

Nevertheless, sin obliterated the harmony between God and humanity, between men and women, and between people and animals.[8]

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Read Gen 3:9–13. How did Adam’s evasive answer indict him? Who did Adam blame for his actions? How did Eve explain her behavior? Have you seen this pattern in your life?





Go to Falling for Deception


[Related posts include Serpents in the Ancient Near East (Gen 3:1); A World-Altering Conversation (Gen 3:2–5); Succumbing to Temptation (Gen 3:6); Their Eyes Are Opened (Gen 3:7); and Hiding from God (Gen 3:8)]


[Click here to go to Women and Marriage Throughout Redemptive History; or to Chapter 6: A Serpent in the Garden (Genesis 3:1–13)]


[1] Wenham, Genesis 1–15, 76.

[2] Hamilton, The Book of Genesis, Chapters 1–17, 193.

[3] Brown, Driver, and Briggs, “שָׁמַע” (shama), BDB, 1033–4, https://archive.org/stream/hebrewenglishlex00browuoft#page/1032/mode/2up.

[4] Waltke and Fredricks, Genesis: A Commentary, 93.

[5] Hamilton, The Book of Genesis, Chapters 1–17, 194.

[6] Wenham, Genesis 1–15, 77.

[7] Hamilton, The Book of Genesis, Chapters 1–17, 194.

[8] Wenham, Genesis 1–15, 78.