A Restoration of Status: Matthew 28:10

restoration of status (2)

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e) Matt 28:10: With emotionally-fraught events swirling around Mary Magdalene and the other women,[1] the risen Christ repeated the angel of the Lord’s comfort and directive, with one major difference (Cf. Matt 28:1–9).[2]

The angel had referred to Jesus’s followers as his “disciples” (mathētais).[3]

However, Christ said, “Do not be afraid. Go and speak to my brothers and sisters (adelphois) in order that they might go into Galilee. There they will see me.”

In Koine Greek, a masculine plural noun can include women in a group of mixed gender (Matt 12:48–50).

During Christ’s arrest, trial, and crucifixion only John and “many women” had remained with him (Matt 26:55–58, 69–75; John 19:25–27; Matt 27:55–61). Jesus experienced desertion by most of his male disciples.

Yet, he still included them among his “brothers and sisters,”[4] even before they expressed contrition for abandoning him.[5]

This indicates that Christ had already forgiven them.[6]



Jesus had lived and often ministered in Galilee (Matt 2:19–23; Matt 3:13; Matt 4:12–25; Matt 19:1–2),[7] so they likely knew exactly where he wanted them to reunite (Matt 26:31–32; Matt 28:16).[8]

Matthew focused upon the gradual expansion of God’s kingdom to gentiles (Matt 2:1–2; Matt 8:5–13; Matt 27:50–54; Matt 28:18–20).[9]

By employing female disciples as his envoys at this critical point in salvation history, Christ restored women to the status they originally occupied as equal and adequate partners (Gen 1:26–28; Gen 2:18–23; Rom 16:1–12).[10]

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Read Matt 28:10. How did Jesus subtly indicate that he had forgiven even the disciples who had abandoned him? Why did he choose Galilee as their place to reunite? How does this verse point to the renewed equality of female and male disciples of the Lord?





Go to A New Mandate (Matt 28:18–20)

[Related posts include Conversion of an Executioner (Matt 27:54); A New Dawn (Matt 28:1); Rolling Away the Stone (Matt 28:2–4); Apostles to the Apostles (Matt 28:5–7); From Terror to Adoration (Matt 28:8–9); Made in the Image of God (Gen 1:26 cont.); Stewards of the Earth (Gen 1:26 cont.); Male and Female He Created Them (Gen 1:27); The Blessing of Fruitfulness (Gen 1:28); Not Good! (Gen 2:18); An Equal and Adequate Partner (Gen 2:21–23); and Effects of the Fall Reversed (Rom 5:12–21 and Rom 16:1–12)]

[Click here to go to Women and Marriage Throughout Redemptive History or here for Chapter 7: The Seed of the Serpent and the Seed of the Woman (Genesis 3:14–15)]


[1]Wilkins, Matthew, 941.

[2]Hagner, Matthew 14–28, 874.

[3]Hagner, Matthew 14–28, 874.

[4]Keener, The Gospel of Matthew: A Socio-Rhetorical Commentary, 703.

[5]Osborne, Matthew, 1069.

[6]France, The Gospel of Matthew, 1102–3.

[7]Freyne, “Galilee: Hellenistic/Roman Galilee” ABD 2:895–9, 899.

[8]Wilkins, Matthew, 942.

[9]Osborne, Matthew, 1096–9.

[10]Wilkins, Matthew, 942.